Beginning at Goshen (in the Nile River delta north of the Pyramids), the Multitude of Israelites left Egypt and slavery by Pharaoh. They safely crossed the waters of the Red Sea (in the northern Bitter Lakes region through which the modern Suez Canal was dug) that The Rock had miraculously opened for them, but hundreds of Pharaoh's Chariots were lost in the waters. Rather than traveling northward along the coast of The Mediterranean Sea, The Lord had them turn southward into the desert wilderness of The Sinai Peninsula where He miraculously provided them with water and Manna. Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, came to greet the Israelites after he heard of The Exodus.
At Mount Sinai, Moses received The Ten Commandments from God, which were placed in The Ark of The Covenant. The Tabernacle was also constructed then, with the Levites given the responsibility for its operation and care.
The Israelites then made their way northward. Aaron died at Mount Hor, and Moses died at Mount Nebo, near The Salt Sea. The wilderness years of the Israelites ended when they crossed the Jordan River near Jericho, only about 15 miles from Jerusalem.
Fact Finder: How many years did the Israelites spend in the wilderness of Sinai?