Scorpion Pass

Scorpions are insects of the spider family that, despite their somewhat lobster-like appearance, are far more dangerous - along with their "lobster claws," scorpions also have a poisonous stinger in their tail. Scorpions were well-known to the people of Israel; a major landmark of the border of the Promised Land was Scorpion Pass, or Scorpion Hill, located at the south end of the Dead Sea, also known as The Salt Sea (see also Bible Places), which was, by the choice of name given to it, apparently heavily-infested with scorpions. Depending on the Bible version, it's known as Maaleh-acrabbim (in Hebrew, mah-al-eh is a word for a hill or ridge, and ak-rawb is a word for a scorpion) or Akrabbim (i.e. from ak-rawb, a scorpion)

Scorpion Pass

Before they crossed the Jordan, The Lord specified Scorpion Pass to Moses as one of the boundaries of the Promised Land:

The southern boundary involving Scorpion Pass was later repeated to Joshua after he took command of Israel (Moses was not allowed to enter the Promised Land, see Heartbreak Mountain), this time more specifically as the tribal portion for Judah (see also Tribal Lands):

Despite the Lord's direct command to take all of the territory promised to the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (see also "Land On Which You Had Not Labored"), and His warning that failing to do so would result in the Canaanites being an endless source of trouble and grief for them (i.e. "But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then those of them whom you let remain shall be as pricks in your eyes and thorns in your sides, and they shall trouble you in the land where you dwell" - Numbers 33:55 RSV), the people of Israel did not drive them all out, which resulted in the troubles that they experienced then (Scorpion Pass is referred-to below as "the border of the Amorites" rather than what it should have been as spoken by The Lord in the verses quoted above), and the troubles that they are experiencing now:

Fact Finder: How was an analogy of "My father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions" involved in the division of Israel into two separate kingdoms?
1 Kings 12:11, see Rehoboam

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This Day In History, September 1

891: Arnulf defeated the Vikings from Scandinavia at the Battle of Louvain in Belgium.

1159: Pope Adrian IV died at age 59. Born as Nicholas Breakspear, he is the only Englishman to become pope.

1557: Jacques Cartier died at age 66. During his 3 voyages between 1534 and 1543, the French explorer discovered the St. Lawrence River and other major findings throughout eastern North America.

1666: The Great Fire of London began in a bakery on Pudding Lane. Over the course of 4 days, the fire destroyed 75% of the British capital.

1676: Nathaniel Bacon led an uprising against English governor William Berkeley at Jamestown, Virginia, resulting in the settlement being burned to the ground. "Bacon's Rebellion" came as a result of the governor's refusal to defend the colonists against the Indians.

1707: The Treaty of Altranstadt was signed during the Great Northern War (1700-1721) by Swedish king Charles XII and Holy Roman emperor Joseph I.

1864: During the U.S. Civil War, the Confederates under General John Hood abandoned Atlanta. It was occupied by General Sherman the next day and set ablaze.

1870: Prussia defeated France at the Battle of Sedan in the last battle of the Franco-Prussian War. Napoleon III surrendered himself to the Prussians.

1904: Helen Keller, 24, graduated from Radcliffe College. Blind and deaf from the age of 2, she became a champion of those with disabilities.

1914: The last-known passenger pigeon died, at the Cincinnati Zoo.

1923: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck Japan. Yokohama and Tokyo were destroyed, killing over 140,000 people and destroying the homes of 2.5 million people.

1939: Adolf Hitler's massive (52 army divisions) invasion of Poland. The event that triggered World War 2 (1939-1945).

1941: The Yellow Star was made obligatory for all Jews in the German Reich to wear.

1945: Within months after the war ended in Europe, the official statistics of the Jews murdered in the Nazi "Final Solution" were: 2,800,000 Polish, 800,000 Soviet, 450,000 Hungarian, 350,000 Romanian, 180,000 German, 60,000 Austrian, 243,000 Czechoslovakian, 110,000 Dutch, 25,000 Belgian, 50,000 Yugoslav, 80,000 Greek, 65,000 French, 10,000 Italian.

1962: The United Nations announced that the population of the world had reached 3 billion. It has since doubled.

1985: A team of U.S. and French divers located the wreckage of the Titanic on the ocean floor, approximately 900 kilometers (560 miles) south of Newfoundland. It sank on April 15 1912 with a loss of 1,500 of its 2,200 passengers.

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