The English word adversary, meaning someone who opposes, is used to translate the Hebrew words of the Old Testament (pronounced) tsaw-rar, meaning to bind or cramp, and saw-tawn, from which originated the name Satan, which literally means adversary. In the New Testament, "adversary" is used to translate the Greek word (pronounced) anti-dee-kos, which means an opponent, including in reference to Satan, who made himself the primary opponent of God (see the Fact Finder question below), and in doing so also made himself the greatest fool, and the greatest loser, of all time.


"Adversary" was also used to describe people who opposed, or spoke against, someone else:

"Adversary" when used in reference to Satan:

Fact Finder: How did wicked Satan originate?
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This Day In History, August 22

1138: The English battled the Scots at Cowton Moor. Banners of various supposed "saints" were carried into battle, which led to its being called the Battle of the Standard.

1350: John II, also known as John the Good, succeeded Philip VI as king of France.

1485: Richard III of England was defeated and killed at The Battle of Bosworth Field, the last of the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of Lancaster and York.

1567: The Duke of Alba, sent to reestablish Spanish authority in the Netherlands, instituted the Council of Troubles at the start of his tyrannical rule. It was nicknamed the "Council of Blood."

1642: The Civil War in England began between the supporters of Charles I ("Royalists" or "Cavaliers") and of Parliament ("Roundheads").

1864: The Geneva Convention for the protection of the wounded during times of active warfare was signed, leading to the formation of the Red Cross.

1902: President Teddy Roosevelt became first U.S. chief executive to ride in a car.

1910: Korea was annexed by Japan after five years as a protectorate.

1922: Irish politician and Sinn Fein leader Michael Collins was killed in an ambush. He was largely responsible for the 1921 Anglo-Irish treaty.

1939: Foreign ministers Molotov of Russia and Ribbentrop of Germany signed a non-aggression pact which paved the way for the German invasion of western Poland and for Russia to take eastern Poland and the Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania. Germany and Russia soon thereafter declared war on each other.

1941: Nazi troops reached the outskirts of Leningrad. They eventually surrounded the city on September 8 at the start of the siege which lasted until January 1944.

1942: Brazil declared war on the Axis powers. It is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe during the Second World War.

1944: German officer Heinz Stahlschmidt deliberately blew up a bunker full of detonators, effectively preventing the planned destruction of Bordeaux by his own retreating German army.

1962: The U.S. ship Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered ship, completed its maiden voyage from Yorktown, Virginia, to Savannah, Georgia.

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