Gilead, meaning rugged, was a highland region east of The Jordan River, extending approximately from the southern end of The Sea Of Galilee to the northern end of The Salt Sea, with the Jabbok River roughly marking its mid-point. From its mountains it was known as "the mount, or hill country, of Gilead" (Genesis 31:25), but was also called "the land of Gilead" (Numbers 32:1), or simply "Gilead" (Genesis 37:25). After the God-commanded possession and division of the Promised Land among The Tribes Of Israel, it was held by Gad, Reuben and part of Manasseh (Deuteronomy 3:13-15, Numbers 32:40) - a territory today outside of Israel's national borders, occupied by the Kingdom of Jordan.

Gilead was a very prominent Bible Place in Bible History. The judges Jair and Jephthah (see The Judges), King Jehu of Israel (see Kings of Israel and Judah), and the prophet Elijah were all from Gilead. Many well-known events of The Bible happened in Gilead:

Fact Finder: Were many people from "beyond the Jordan" (i.e. Gilead) among the large crowds that followed Jesus Christ?
Matthew 4:25

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