Tirzah was one of the Canaanite cities that were taken by the Israelites under Joshua during their God-commanded possession of the Promised Land (from Dan to Beersheba, the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea). Later, after the death of Solomon, when the united kingdom of the Israelites split into two separate kingdoms, Israel and Judah (see Jews At War With Israel), Jeroboam made his residence at Tirzah, making it the capital of the northern ten tribes (1 Kings 14:7-20), which it remained until Omri replaced it with Samaria (see Kings of Israel and Judah). It was apparently a beautiful place, as possibly alluded to in the Songs of Solomon: "I am my beloved's and my beloved is mine; he pastures his flock among the lilies. You are beautiful as Tirzah, my love, comely as Jerusalem." (Songs of Solomon 6:3-4 RSV)

The Early Capital Of The Northern Kingdom

Fact Finder: Why did the Israelites split into 2 separate kingdoms after the death of Solomon?
See Rehoboam

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