Achaia was originally the name for a relatively small amount of territory in southern Greece (see Ancient Empires - Greece), just to the north of the Peloponnesus (see map below). By New Testament times, the occupying Romans (see Ancient Empires - Rome) applied the name to all of the Peloponnesus, plus the rest of the southern half of Greece, with Macedonia making up the northern half (see Bible Places). Achaia was designated as a Roman senatorial province, whose governors were known as "proconsuls" (e.g. Gallio), while governors of Roman imperial provinces were known as "procurators" (e.g. Pontius Pilate in Judea). The major cities of Achaia were Corinth, Athens and Sparta.

As is the case with so much of the New Testament itself, much of the Biblical record of Achaia involves the apostle Paul, the former Pharisee who at first did everything in his power to destroy Christianity, but after being personally converted by Jesus Christ on The Road To Damascus, he became one of its greatest champions - the man who at one time was involved in martyring Christians (see Stephen) ended his ministry being himself martyred as a Christian.

Fact Finder: Even though he was converted after Jesus Christ had been resurrected and ascended into heaven, did Paul later at some time actually see Jesus Christ?
1 Corinthians 9:1
Note: Some others did also, such as the apostle John i.e. Revelation 1:12-18

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