Who Was The Exodus Pharaoh?
In the history of ancient Egypt, the term "pharaoh" originally meant the royal house, or palace, with an implied meaning of "government." Eventually, it came to be used as a title for the king of Egypt himself. While the Pharaoh of the Exodus is one of the most famous people of Bible History, the actual name of this particular monarch was not recorded in The Bible.
Although the Exodus (see By The Book - Exodus) can be approximately dated (see the dynasty list below), there remains disagreement among Biblical historians as to not just the year, but the century when it happened - various researchers sometimes differ by as much as two hundred years. This causes uncertainty regarding the identity of the unnamed Pharaoh that opposed Moses and Aaron during The Ten Plagues and The Passover In Egypt (see also Where Did They Cross The Sea?, Is This How The Red Sea Parted? and Wilderness Journey). Amenhotep II, Merneptah, Thothmes III and Rameses II, among others, have all been suggested as possibilities.
The Egyptian civilization, one of the oldest known, developed in the Nile River region well over 5,000 years ago. The history of ancient Egypt is divided into a number of periods, kingdoms and dynasties.
- The Early Dynastic Period (about 3000-2600 B.C.)
- The First and Second Dynasties
- The Old Kingdom (about 2600-2100 B.C.)
- The Third to Eighth Dynasties
- The First Intermediate Period (about 2100-2050 B.C.)
- The Ninth and Tenth Dynasties
- The Middle Kingdom (about 2050-1800 B.C.)
- The Eleventh and Twelfth Dynasties
- The Second Intermediate Period (about 1800-1600 B.C.)
- The Thirteenth to Seventeenth Dynasties
- The New Kingdom (about 1600-1150 B.C.)
- The Eighteenth to Twentieth Dynasties - Israelite Exodus
- The Late Dynastic Period (about 1150-330 B.C.)
- The Twenty-First to Thirtieth Dynasties
Fact Finder: What relation to the Pharaoh was the woman who found the infant Moses in a basket in the river?
See also Miriam
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