|Federal's 'Classic' 22 rim fire ammo
As hunters, we must continually seek out products and methods that
we can employ to HUMANELY ply our sport, and in cases such as mine,
my trade. This ensures not only humane treatment for our wildlife
heritage, when consuptively utilized, but is ethical.
This discussion is on the use of Federal's 'Classic' 22 rim fire
ammo., and specifically, upon their HYPER VELOCITY, 31 grain, copper plated,
hollow point; this ammo has a truncated style bullet/slug. Federal's product
number for this 22 rim fire fodder, is # 724, which is visibly marked
on each brick (of ten boxes, or five-hundred rounds), and again on each
individual box/container (of 50 rounds) of this ammunition sold. This
product number is important to note, as Federal packages other 'Classic'
lines of 22 ammo similarly.
The animal that I chose to do my testing on, during the fall of 97,
was the raccoon. The raccoon is regarded as a relatively tough animal,
and is one of the largest 'small game animals' that most North American
hunters will harvest using the 22 rim fire. Since this ammunition works
well, and humanely on raccoon, then consumers can be assured that it will
also function humanely for smaller sized quarry, such as rabbits, squirrels,
ground hogs, woodchucks, grouse, and similar sized game. Since doing the
tests, I'm also convinced that for close range work, such as when calling
red fox to a MOUTH CALL, that this ammo would certainly be adequate
for harvesting them (relatively close ranged red fox) humanely, when the
shots are 100 yards or less.
The raccoon in my 'neck-of-the-woods' are relatively large, and averaged
19.9 lbs each. I believe that the North American raccoon's weight average
will be more in the neighborhood of about 15-18 lbs each. At the North
American Fur Auction house (where I often sell my pelts), all of these
'test' coons were graded XL or larger, and my sale average was over $27.00
per pelt. I mention this so that you can get a better appreciation of the
size of the animals I harvested during the test. You can see some of
the these coon pelts I've harvested, by going to my 'hunting' section
of this web site, and choosing 'raccoon' from the menu on the left of the
page. Use the size, as compared to either the dog, or the rifle, in
I did my testing in the fall, during (of course) the open raccoon season,
and tested 50 raccoons in the order that I found them. I didn't continue
after 50 raccoon, because the results obtained were relatively consistent
for field testing, and the paperwork and extra test equipment was burdensome
out in the bush, especially, during often 'inclement' weather.
In the accompanying photo here, you'll see some of the slugs
that I retrieved from harvested animals; these are a good indicator of
the slug's 'mushrooming' abilities under actual field tests.
HERE ARE SOME OF THE TEST RESULTS:
The average temperature at which the coons were harvested was 42.8F.
As mentioned earlier in this discussion, the rifle used was a semi-auto-loading
rifle, fitted with a four power scope, to ensure good shot placement. Sighting
in was done prior to actual coon hunting, and at regular intervals throughout
the testing process. This ammo was inherently accurate, holding excellent
groups at the 25 yard sight-in range used. Despite the re-sighting in,
the rifle remained on the original sight-in settings throughout the whole
coon season. This ammo is VERY accurate AND CONSISTENT.
40% of harvested coons were male
60% of harvested coons were female
Average weight was 19.9 lbs.
The average distance of actual shots was 33.36 yards (about 100 feet)
52% of coon were taken from coniferous (evergreen, such as pine etc.) trees
48% of the coons were harvested from deciduous trees, such as maple etc.
54% of the shots were obstructed by leaves, needles or small branches,
despite my best efforts to secure clear unobstructed shots. I ALWAYS try
to get the best, clearest shot possible!
46% of the shots were clear unobstructed shots
70% of the shooting was done 'free-hand'
30% of the shots were taken using a rifle rest, such as another tree
I used a semi-auto loading rifle, with a four power scope to be sure of
the best, and most efficient shot placement possible. Re-targeting in was
done after every 10 coons harvested, or whenever I was dubious of a poorly
62% of the harvested animals were with one 'instant killing' shot
16% of coons were taken using two shots
12% of coons took three shots to harvest humanely
10% of the coons took more than three shots to quickly kill
ALL of the coons, even those requiring subsequent shots, were killed
humanely, determined by world agencies standards in 'bench mark'
comparison. This is one of the major reasons I use a semi-auto-loading
rifle, which offers quick follow-up shots when I need them - humane and
92% of the bullet slugs exited the bodies of harvested animals, showing
that there was more than adequate 'power' in these slugs, to humanely dispatch
Of the bullets recovered. 98% mushroomed nicely, and was evidenced similarly
for slugs that exited the harvested coon's bodies.
Meat damage was negligible in ALL of the harvested animals, and wouldn't
be a detriment to those eating these harvested animals.
Pelt damage from the harvested coons was also negligible, and not one
pelt was down-graded because of 'bullet' damage. This includes the exit
hole that was present from the slugs that exited the bodies of the coons.
I estimated the 'shock value' of the bullets, from the time it took to
actually kill coons, and from the audible 'smack' that the bullet made
when hitting the coons. Compared to the usual 'high velocity bullets on
the market, and those that I used for coon harvest other years, these 'pills'
rated very well. This shock value is often needed to 'disrupt' the coon's
life process, and these slugs running at 1450 feet per second (Federal
supplied data) certainly did well.
76% of the time these bullets had 'HIGH' shocking values
20% of the shots these bullets provided for MEDIUM shocking value
4% of the shots produced what I regarded as LOW shocking value. In the
situations of the low (especially) and medium shock value ranges, likely
the bullets were producing results other than high because of the brush,
leaves etc., on the bullets flight path. Even so, IN ALL CASES, THESE
BULLETS PERFORMED WELL, AND KILLED THE COONS HUMANELY!
No misfires, often referred to as 'dud's, occurred, and all ammo functioned
flawlessly through the semi-auto-loader's action.
The Federal Classic 22 rim fire ammo, HYPER VELOCITY, with a 31
grain slug, going 1450 feet per second, with a truncated, 'mushroom' slug/bullet,
known as Federal's product number #724 is an excellent choice for humanely
harvesting of raccoon(s) It will likewise be efficient at dispatching
similar and smaller sized small game animals, as it has great 'shocking'
power. This ammunition is very accurate, and functions well in semi-auto-loading
rifles. It is competitively priced, and is 'very available' from most
retail outlets selling ammunition. It is AMERICAN MADE.
I strongly urge anyone hunting game animals to use the best ammunition
they can afford. I recommend that all hunters use HYPER VELOCITY ammo when
hunting raccoons and other small game animals, because it has superior
'shock' power over that of standard 'high velocity' ammo.
I recommend hunters use Federal's HYPER VELOCITY, 22 rim fire
ammo product # 724 to efficiently and humanely hunt and kill raccoons and
similar and smaller sized game animals.
If you've enjoyed this write-up, please
visit my product section for a look at some of
the other fine 'work' I have for sale. Indeed, I too, must 'make
a buck' to be able to afford to live, and maintain this home page. - with
thanks - John A. Vance