Have-a-Java Quiz 4 - Evolution:
1. This individual wrote the book "Origin of Species":
    A) James Watson
    B) Charles Darwin
    C) Gregor Mendel
    D) Albert Einstein

2. The closest biological relative to modern day human beings is the:
    A) lion
    B) monkey
    C) chimpanzee
    D) rabbit

3. Which one of the following is considered to be a human "vestigial" (ie. unused) structure:
    A) appendix
    B) pelvis
    C) chromosome
    D) eyebrow

4. Which one of the following "human ancestors" is most closely related to modern humans?
    A) Australopithecus afarensis
    B) Homo habilis
    C) Homo erectus
    D) Dryopithecus

5. Apes and humans are believed to have diverged about:
    A) 5 billion years ago
    B) 5 million years ago
    C) 5 thousand years ago
    D) 5 hundred years ago

6. Select the correct statement:
    A) mammals and dinosaurs existed together
    B) amphibians evolved from the reptiles
    C) archeopteryx was a type of mammal
    D) whales are reptiles that returned to an aquatic environment

7. Which one of the following gives the correct order for the evolution of vertebrates?
    A) fish, reptiles, mammals, amphibians
    B) amphibians, reptiles, fish, mammals
    C) reptiles, fish, mammals, amphibians
    D) fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals

8. What name did Donald Johansen give to the fossils of Astralopithecus afarensis?
    A) Linus
    B) Lucy
    C) Java man
    D) Peking man

9. Which of the following was the first tool user?
    A) Astralopithecus africanus
    B) Homo habilis
    C) Homo erectus
    D) Homo sapiens neanderthalensis

10. Which of the following are adaptations for bipedalism?
    A) opposable big toe
    B) large brain
    C) foramen magnum at back of skull
    D) bowl-shaped pelvis

11. In terms of biochemical evidence for evolution, which 2 organisms have the most similar DNA?
    A) human and ape
    B) human and monkey
    C) human and horse
    D) human and chicken

12. The deepest strata of the Earth contain fossils that are:
    A) old and complex
    B) old and simple
    C) young and complex
    D) young and simple

13. In addition to Darwin, who also determined that natural selection was a major force in evolution?
    A) Cuvier
    B) Lyell
    C) Wallace
    D) Malthus

14. What type of natural selection is occuring when the average phenotype is selected for and the extreme phenotypes are selected against?
    A) disruptive
    B) stabilizing
    C) directional
    D) reductive

15. Which organism experienced a specific type of directional selection called Industrial Melanism?
    A) peppered moth
    B) horse
    C) chimpanzee
    D) sour melon

16. Which of the following is correct for a comparison of human and ape jaw?
    A) human - rounded, ape - box
    B) human - rounded, ape - rounded
    C) human - box, ape - rounded
    D) human - triangular, ape - box

17. Which type of dating can be used to date the Earth?
    A) carbon dating
    B) biostratigraphy
    C) potassium-argon dating
    D) palynology

18. How old is the Earth?
    A) 4 million years
    B) 8 million years
    C) 2 billion years
    D) 4.5 billion years

19. Archaeopteryx might have been the missing link between:
    A) apes and humans
    B) dogs and cats
    C) amphibians and reptiles
    D) reptiles and birds

20. Darwin thought the modern armadillo might be descended from the:
    A) tortoise
    B) porpoise
    C) glyptodont
    D) pterydactyl

21. The Scala Naturae was an early classification scheme. At the very bottom was:
    A) inanimate matter
    B) single cells
    C) fungi
    D) plants

22. Which gas was not present in large amounts in the early atmosphere of Earth?
    A) ammonia
    B) water vapour
    C) methane
    D) oxygen

23. Microevolution can be defined as:
    A) small-scale changes in allele frequencies
    B) large-scale changes in allele frequencies
    C) small-scale changes in phenotypes
    D) large-scale changes in phenotypes

24. Which of the following is a type of genetic drift?
    A) directional selection
    B) stabilizing selection
    C) mutation
    D) bottleneck

25. During which eon did the first eukaryotes appear on Earth?
    A) Hadeon
    B) Archaeon
    C) Proterozoic
    D) Phanerozoic