Buying a Puppy
There are lots of things to look out for when purchasing a puppy.  The first thing you have to decide is whether or not you can make a long term commitment to raising a dog.  Dogs take lots of time and money they should either have access to a backyard to play in or lots of walking time.  Just because you work all day does not necessarily mean you can't have a dog in your life.  However, you must be able to spend most of your evenings and weekends with your dog.  Dogs must be walked more if they are confined in doors most of the day.

The second thing you have to examine is what breed of dog fits your life style.  Are you athletic?  Are you a home body?  Do you go places you can take your pet with you?  Some breeds are definitely indoor dogs.  Small dogs like toy poodles, chihuahuas, etc. have different needs than larger breeds like Labs, German Shepards, etc.  Some dogs are better with families and children than others.  Some dogs are naturally aggressive like dobermans,  or pit bulls.  Aggressive dogs must be raised differently than more passive dogs.

Another thing that will determine what type of dog to get, is what do you plan on doing with it.  Do you just want a family pet or are you interested in a hunting breed?  Do you want a guard dog or just to keep you company?  All of these questions will help you find the breed of dog that suits you.

Once you have determined that you indeed can make a long term commitment and you have chosen the breed of dog you want to have, you must find a breeder.  You can find reputable breeders through the CKC, AKC or through the many individual registering societies such as the Labrador Retriever Club of Canada.    Many reputable breeders advertise on the internet, but do be careful there are many out there who are not so reputable.

Things to watch out for:

There is no significant oversight of the puppy breeding industry.  You have to protect yourself.  You are in complete control of the process until you hand over the money.  Before you hand over any money, ask lots of questions, ask to see what you want to see, and demand a contract and a health guarantee.   Your opportunity to analyze the situation and look for warning signs can come to an end when you hand over money.  Even a down payment can turn the tables on you. If you put down a deposit, the breeder can clam up.  If you become unhappy and back out, he keeps your money and sells the puppy to someone else for full price.  Keep your money until you are completely sure about the purchase.

They offer to meet you somewhere.
  This is a big clue that something is up. Breeders hate to have to pack up the puppy (and maybe the one or both of the parents), drive to a parking lot somewhere and wait for a potential customer to show up (if they do!) Why would they do this? To hide something from you! They don't want you to see the conditions of their kennel, the treatment of their dogs, how many dogs or breeds they have or something else that would clue you in to their operations.

If they are intent on keeping you from seeing their operation, they must have something to hide. Avoid them. --  Now that being said.  --  I have driven to the other side of the province to deliver a puppy for someone who was unable to come to my kennel.  I have met some people half way - at their request.  They could have come to my kennel, but they lived a very long distance and wanted one of my puppies and I was willing to meeting them.  So if you are very comfortable with a particular breeder, there are exceptions to this.

The dogs don't know their names.
  This may seem like a strange warning, but it is important.  If the dogs can't be called by name, at least one of several things must be true. First, the dogs are not given any attention. They are simply "puppy factories."  Second, the dogs are not very smart (inbreeding?)  Who wants a dumb puppy that can't even learn its' own name. Third, if the dog can't be called by name, you can't be sure that you are being shown the correct Registration Papers. You can't tell a dog that today her name is Fluffy and tomorrow it will be Lady.  She can't act for you that way.  Her name is learned as a puppy and kept for long periods of time. Some tricks a breeder can play involve swapping parents.  Calling the parents by name makes it far less likely that they are doing anything like that.

The dogs are not clearly identified with tattoos or microchips. 
Reputable breeders clearly and permanently identify their dogs with microchips or tattoos.  CKC requires this under most circumstances.  Dogs that are not clearly identified can be more easily switched around.   A breeder may have one or two high-quality dogs that they regularly show to everyone who is shopping for a puppy.  You must make sure that your puppy actually belongs to the sire and dam you are being shown.

Multiple males have access to females
. This one is a deal killer. If you see a breeder and notice that multiple males have access to a female, walk away. No one, I mean absolutely no one is going to know before the male dog that a female is in heat. I don't care if you have a calendar, a computer program or anything else to track the female cycles, the male dog will always be the first to know. The cycles are not always perfect. There is some variation. If the males figure it out first, you will never know for sure who the true sire of the litter is. If there is uncertainty as to the sire (in this generation or others,) the Pedigrees are worthless.   Breeders that are not careful about this one most critical aspect, they will not be careful about others, and this is the primary one.  You MUST know who sired which litters for the health and welfare of your breeding program.

The dogs don't like the owners
. This is a very bad sign. What could it mean? It could mean one or more of these several things. First, it probably means that the dogs get no attention. Obviously you should not support people who mistreat dogs. You can't think of it as rescuing a puppy from a bad situation. They will only make more puppies. Your only recourse is to report "serious" mistreatment to the authorities or just to avoid supporting "minor" neglect. Don't give your money to support the neglect of dogs! Search on google for "Puppy Mill Horrors" and you will see what some people are capable of. The second thing that it can mean is that a poor temperament has been bred into the dogs. You want to avoid poor breeding. The third thing it can mean is that the person showing you the dogs is not the real owner. If you get caught acting unethically or fraudulently completing Registration paperwork, you can lose your right to register dogs with the CKC. When this happens to some people, the "ownership" of their dogs can be transferred to someone else while they continue to breed puppies. When this other person sells the dogs, the "real" owner raises them. This can explain dogs that seem not to like their owners. They are not really their owners. They only complete the sale to make it legal. Avoid these deals. Nothing good can come from them.

The dogs live in cages or small pens
.  Many dogs living their entire lives in small cages or pens is a "Puppy Mill." "Puppy Mills" are the scourge of the dog breeding industry.   Real breeders who love their dogs and their breeds detest the "Puppy Mills" that churn out litter after litter of puppies with no concern to improving the breed or minimizing health issues. These dogs are often sold through pet stores.  Never buy from pet stores.  Aside from the fact the you don't know where the puppy really comes from, you simply should not support the penning up or caging of dogs for their entire lives. Dogs have been domesticated and are meant to be our companions, not simply breeders to churn out litter after litter of puppies.  Plenty of puppies are available from reputable breeders who are more concerned about the animals involved, improving the breed, the health issues associated with each breed than they are with turning out litter after litter. Buy one of these dogs. You can be much more confident that they are healthy, well tempered and well bred.  The money you spend on a well bred puppy will be more than made up for in the vet fees you will pay in an ill-bred puppy.  Surgeries for knee problems, eye problems or other issues of poor breeding can cost you hundreds or thousands extra and besides, it's morally the right thing to do.

The breeder does not ask you many questions
.  A breeder who really loves his dogs and wants the best for them will interview you to see if you are worthy of fine animals like his.  He will want to know if you know how to care for them, if you are buying the puppy for yourself of as a gift.  Most breeder don't like them to be bought as gifts.  He can't meet the person who will own his dog and cannot really be sure of how well they will be cared for.  He will also ask you about the living arrangements of the animal.  Have you had dogs before?  What happened to them?  Do you have others now?  Will you allow his "house" breed to live in the house or will you stick it in a pen outside after the new wears off of the puppy?  Do you have room to allow his "sporting" breed to run and play?  A good breeder will want to know these things.

Something changes in what the breeder is saying.
  This is one of the more subtle warnings signs to look for. If they tell you something on the phone that turns out to be untrue, be wary. Even if the item seems insignificant, it could be masking something more serious.  Some serious deceptions begin to unravel with a minor inconsistency. Write down what they tell you on the phone.  Take careful notes when you discuss things with the breeder.  A breeder will often tell you on the phone what he thinks will convince you to come buy a puppy.  Occasionally he will mix up what he has told you with what he has told other people on the phone.  Reputable breeders will treat everyone the same, the price will be the same, the contracts will be the same.  The only thing that may differ would be any dealings with other breeders.  Ask many questions and keep notes. You should visit several breeders before buying a puppy and your notes will be critical in keeping everything straight and making the best decision.


Can we visit your kennel?
  Visiting their kennel is essential to making sure everything is on the up and up. If they come up with reasons why you can't visit the kennel, take a pass. Either the conditions are horrible or something you see will contradict what you have been told. You need to know the real size and standards of the operation before you buy a puppy from a breeder. You must visit where the dogs live to determine this.

Pay close attention to sanitary conditions. Notice whether other females have puppies (or milk.) Notice whether the dogs are friendly. A great deal can be learned from a visit to the kennels.  I am a very small breeder, I don't have my own stud, this way I can use whatever stud I choose.  I am not limited to the same one each litter.  When I find one I like I do tend to use him quite a lot.  I have only females and not more than 3 at a time, and usually only 2 breeding and one puppy.  I only have two litters per year and they are all raised in my home.  None of the dogs are kept in cages except when we are not at home, they are all crate trained.  There are lots of smaller breeders around.  Just make sure that they are knowledgeable and all the dogs are registered.

Can we see the Registration Papers for all of your dogs?
  This one becomes very difficult if you are dealing with a puppy farm with 25 dogs or more. It becomes impossible if the 50 or 100 or more dogs.  There is no need to deal with an operation of that size. If they have unregistered dogs around their operation, you should be very wary. Dishonest breeders can substitute unregistered dogs for registered dogs.  They can add puppies from unregistered dogs to the litters of registered dogs.  They can substitute unregistered dogs for sterile registered dogs.  There are many scams they can pull.  The bigger the operation, the more opportunities for swapping dogs around they have.  You are buying a bloodline.  You are buying champions in the bloodline because that is an indication of conformance to breed standards.  If you have questions about the legitimacy of the bloodline, go elsewhere.  There are plenty of good places to go.  Keep searching, you will find one.

What kind of health problems does this breed have?
  This is a question that is difficult to handle for breeders who are not serious about the quality of their puppies. By the time you visit a breeder to look at his puppies, you should already have an idea of the types of health problems are common to the breed. You will have found them in the research you have done about the breed. Your question is posed to the breeder in order to find out whether he knows enough about his breed to avoid health problems or if he is honest enough to tell you about the problems of the breed.

If he doesn't tell you about any of the health problems common to the breed, he either doesn't know or is not being honest with you. You should avoid dealing with him if he refuses to discuss health issues and his warranty concerning these "known" problems. If he does tell you about the "known" health problems within the breed, you should ask a follow-up question concerning his personal experience with these problems. You can usually get a very good sense of a breeder's commitment to his breed during a discussion of health issues. Many good breeders become passionate about health issues and how they resent "puppy mills" and their lack of interest in health concerns.

How old are your dogs?
  This is a question aimed at determining how much the owner is involved in the lives of his dogs. If he doesn't know off hand the name and age of each dog, he is not very involved with them. They are simply "puppy factories" to him. It will also give you an idea of whether he has raised these dogs from puppies or whether he bought them as adults just for breeding. I just simply prefer to buy puppies from someone whose main focus is owning and caring for his own pets; where selling the puppies is only a sideline. The only drawback to buying from an individual who has little interest in breeding is their lack of knowledge about health issues, breed standards and improving the breed with successive generations. A happy medium can be found. Someone with a small number of dogs, caring for them as members of the family and highly interested in improving the breed is the ideal. You should look until you find them.  Of course, that's the category we fall into!!!!

How many litters have each of these parents had?
  This is another question aimed at determining how much the dogs are a part of the lives of the owners versus owners that simply consider them "puppy factories".  Dams come into heat twice a year, so theoretically they could have two litters per year. Many good breeders only allow their females to have two litters then they will skip a heat cycle and begin again.  Often this can't be controlled if the females and males all live together.  The male will be the first to know when the female is in heat.  The breeder should be able to answer this type of question immediately, for the females.  Males, however, could be a different matter.  Especially if they either don't belong to them or they also "stud out" the male.  The CKC does require breeders to keep a "stud book" on all males.  This is a book that tracks all stud activity related to which females every male dog has "covered".  If the male is a champion, then he could have "covered" quite a lot of females, so the answer to that question, may have to be looked up!

How long have you been raising this breed?
  This question seeks to determine the breeders experience with this breed.  How many generations of dogs has he had?  This question put with the age of his dogs will indicate whether he raised the dogs from puppies.  I prefer breeders where they raised their animals from puppies.  They should have been raising this breed for as long as their oldest dog.  If you are given an answer less than the oldest dog, a follow-up question should involve how and why they acquired adult dogs for breeding.  If they acquired them from another breeder who quit the business, you should have concerns about the quality of the animals and the accuracy of the paperwork.  People who sell all of their animals as adults and people who buy their animals as adults are generally interested in the dogs only for making money. You should avoid both of these kinds of people.

Have you had other breeds in the past?
  This question can lead to interesting discussions about the history of how this individual has come to raise this breed.  Some people are committed to one breed for their entire life. The raise the dogs for love and they seek the best for their animals. Other people change breeds every few years and raise whatever is popular (and expensive) at the time. These people have no particular interest in anything other than making money.
 
Never buy from a Pet Shop.
  If you buy a puppy from a Pet Store, you have missed the entire point. I know I have stated this a few times, but it can not be said enough!!!!  You don't get to see the parents, you learn nothing about the conditions of the kennels, and you don't get to question the breeders. In short, you are supporting the Puppy Mill industry.   PLEASE DO NOT DO THIS!

Don't be afraid to walk away from a deal at any point.
  You are going to have this puppy for many years (hopefully.)  If you detect any of the warning signs I mentioned, walk away.  Don't worry about how far you drove, how many times you talked to the breeder, how much your kids LOVE the puppy (they will love the right one when you find it, long after this one is forgotten), etc.  Kids are generally the LEAST objective puppy buyers anywhere. Breeders LOVE to get them attached and begging you to buy a puppy.  Leave them it home if possible, especially if they are young.  This makes objectivity MUCH easier.  Avoid deposits on site-unseen puppies for breeders you have not met and gotten to know.  This limits your ability to walk away.

See at least one of the parents.
  You should be able to at least see the dam.  Puppies are not weaning until they are at least 5 weeks old, so unless for there was some deaster where the mother died, she should not have been separated from her puppies until then.  If the breeder does not own the stud, you may not be able to see the sire.  If he does own the stud, he should be able to produce him when necessary.  If the breeders make any excuse for why you can't see both parents (if both are owned), walk away.  If the stud is not owned by the breeder, there should be pictures available for you to see, if not, then definitely you should not buy this puppy. 

When you visit a breeder, ask a lot of questions.
   If you don't ask questions well, take someone along who does. The questions should educate you about the breed of dog, this breeder's experience and knowledge, and important health issues concerning this breeder's dogs.   Any reputable breeder will be happy to answer any questions you have, most of us love to talk about our dogs, it's getting us to shut up that's the problem!  If the breeder is reluctant to answer your questions or seems to not know the answers, then walk away.  He is either not honest or not knowledgeable enough to be breeding healthy dogs.  It's tricky enough for those of us who know what we are doing,  having people who have no idea breeding indiscriminately doing it, gives all of us a bad name.

Get and read a book about your chosen breed before you buy a puppy
.  (I realize books are out of style these days, but there is a lot of misinformation on the internet, if it is published in a book, you can usually trust it.)  After you are reasonably certain about the breed you want, you need to read a guidebook specifically about that breed. Almost any pet store, large bookstore or library will have a book about the most popular breeds. You will live with this dog for the next ten years or so, invest an hour or so now to help choose a better dog. Most of the book will be relatively generic, discussing puppy care, grooming, general health issues and such things. Two important chapters will discuss breed standards and health issues for that particular breed. These are important for you when you go shopping for a puppy. You will judge the parents based on the standards and question the breeder concerning his experience with the health issues. Take the book with you. The breeder's attitude will change when he knows you can't be easily fooled.

Learn the breed standards for the breed you have chosen. 
You may not be looking for a champion show dog, but you want it to look like right. This means you need to know the breed standards. Have a copy of them when you go shopping for a puppy. Compare the parents to this standard. You will be an educated shopper if you know what you are looking for. Your decision will come out much better.

Consider other breeds in the same group
.  You will increase your opportunity of finding a dog that's perfect for you if you expand your search to other similar breeds. Even though a particular dog may seem perfect for you, a different breed in the same group will have some different characteristics that may match you even better. If you are interested in a Pekingese, you may also want to consider a Maltese, a Lhasa Apso or a Shih Tzu. If you are interested in a Irish Setter, you may also consider other Setter, Pointers or Retrievers.  They will be similar, will give you more choices of puppies to buy and may also save you some money.  Although the cost of the puppy is really the last thing you should look at.  Save a couple hundred now only to spend it on vet bills later.  The old adage, you get what you pay for, does apply here.  If the standard cost of the breed you are looking for is $500, and you find someone selling the same breed for $300, you have to ask yourself why?  No one sells a $500 dollar item for $300, just to be nice.  There is always a reason, they just don't want to tell you, but you will find out eventually.  It costs a certain amount to raise a puppy no matter what the breed and they are a lot of work, no one works for nothing.   Although, if you added up all the hours involved and all the incidental costs, the amount breeders would really have to charge to make money would probably not work out!!  For most of us it becomes a labor of love, and the money just off sets the costs enough to keep us above water.

Don't buy around Christmas or Easter.  There are a couple of reasons why this is a bad idea.  First, breeders don't like selling puppies that are being bought as gifts (unless it is for your own children).  Second, bringing a new puppy home during a holiday is a very bad idea.  Leaving a litter is very traumatic for a puppy.  So when that move is made it is better to do so when they are moving to a house that is quiet and the attention is all placed on the puppy.  During a holiday, most households are very busy, with lots of extra people around, and it is usually very noisy.  Most of the time the adults don't really have any time to pay attention to the new puppy.    So unless your house is going to be very low key over the holiday, don't get a puppy at that time.  I never plan to let puppies go to their new homes on Christmas day or Boxing Day, I usually wait and have them go a few days after the holiday so that the puppy has the best chance to transition smoothly. 

Get a vet checkup for the puppy immediately after you buy it
.  Most breeders will have had the puppy checked by a vet at 6 weeks, and at this time the puppy will receive its' first vaccination.  For your own peace of mind, you should have your own vet check out the puppy, establish when the next booster shot should take place (there should be two, one at 10 weeks and then a final one at 14 weeks) and check the puppies overall state of health to assure you that he is in good health.  This is especially true if for some reason you have ignored this advice and purchased a puppy at a pet store.  A lot of breeders have a stipulation in their health agreement that you must take your puppy to a vet within 3 or 4 days from time you pick it up, otherwise you violate the guarantee.  I do not have that in my health agreement.  You can take the puppy to the vet right away or wait until the next vaccination is due, it is up to you.  I know my puppies are healthy, the trip to vets is for the buyers to feel more comfortable.  Only Breeders that are not reputable will not have had the puppy checked by a vet at 6 weeks along with their first shots.  Puppies must be healthy and fit for purchase in order for breeders to legally be able to offer them for sale.  Do not buy any puppy that does not come with a vet check and at least its' first set of shots.  Puppies are all born with round worms as well, so all breeders usually deworm them.  This is usually done in a series of treatments at 4 weeks, 6 weeks and 8 weeks. 

Get a contract or health guarantee
.  Most breeders will give you a health guarantee of some kind.  Usually if something happens to your puppy and either it dies, or it is so sick it must be put to sleep, the breeder will replace it with a puppy from another litter.  In the case of hip/elbow dysplasia, that is an entirely different senario and is handled differently with each breeder.  It usually depends upon several different things, how severe the problem is, whether or not the dog is going to used for breeding, etc.  As long as the breeder has some kind of plan in place to handle this problem that meets your satisfaction, then that should be okay.  If both parents have been cleared of hip/elbow dysplasia, then this problem will probably never come up.

I also stipulate in my contracts that if you are unable to keep your puppy/dog for any reason, it must be returned to me first rather than go to the local animal shelter or anyone else, no matter the age of the animal.  I always feel responsible for my dogs and will always take them back no matter the reason.

Visit a couple of breeders before you buy.
  A good decision means getting as much information as possible.  So you may find the puppy you want at the first kennel, and if you are happy with everything you see and hear from the breeder.  If you have done your research before you go to visit the kennel, there is really no reason not to buy from the first kennel.  But if there are several kennels close enough for you to visit, you should gather enough information to make an informed decision.  Although you do run the risk of losing a puppy of your choice if there happens to be a shortage of the particular breed you are looking for at that time.  Just make sure you have done your homework and you are comfortable with the breeder you are dealing with.  Most reputable breeders are more than willing to give you references.

Planning the purchase of a puppy is very important
. Too many people go from deciding to buying a puppy to the classified ads on the internet or newspaper. This is the way to disaster. Go from the decision to buy a puppy, to doing research. Find out about your breed and see a dog show to find out about other breeds and groups. Visit as many breeders as possible.  Go over all your particular circumstances, is the dog going to be an indoor dog, do you have a fenced yard, how much room does the dog need, do you need to crate train the breed you have choose, do you have kids or are planning to have kids.  What do you want to do with this dog?  Do you want to just have it hang around, are you going to take it for walks, do you jog and want to take it with you?  All of these questions will affect the determine what breed is appropriate for you.  Planning right will make you and the dog you choose much happier.

Buy from a breeder who has only one breed.
  Breeders who are devoted to the betterment of their breed almost always have only one breed of dog. Those who are in it for the money usually have several breeds. When a breeder has multiple breeds, he must keep them caged or penned separately all of the time to prevent cross breeding. There is no need to deal with these breeders.   Find someone else.

CKC/AKC Registration -
This is the only registration that matters.  Registering with any other association or club does not constitute being a registered dog.  Dogs that are not registered cannot be advertised as "purebred dogs" .   Even if both parents are registered, if the puppy is not registered, the breeder cannot call the puppy "purebred" unless that puppy is registered with either the CKC or the AKC.  A breeder who is willing to sell you a purebred puppy "unregistered" should be cause for you to question the breeding practices of that particular kennel.  It does not cost very much to registered the dogs (about $50.00 per puppy), and in order for the puppies to be registered, the breeder must first register the entire litter.  If he sells one puppy un-registered, he must account to the registering body as to what happened to that puppy.  The breeder has a legal obligation to registered all puppies advertised as "purebred".  If a breeder is found to be not following the rules of the CKC/AKC is ability to registered other litters may be removed.

(There are generally two ways to register a dog, full or limited registration. Full registration means that the dog can be bred and its puppies can also be registered. Limited registration means that the dog is registered, but it's offspring cannot be registered.- This is in the US)

Non-Breeding Contract - (CKC) Most breeders are not willing to have a lot of different people out there breeding their line, and so to protect it most puppies are sold with a non-breeding contract.  This means that you will have to sign a contract that goes to the CKC and when you receive your papers across the top it will read NON-BREEDING.  This mean you will not be able to register any puppies if your breed your dog.  When you try to breed your dog, if you don't own the stud, the owner of the stud will want to see your papers and once they see non-breeding  they will not breed with you anyway.  Most breeders also have you sign a contract stating that you will have your puppy neutered before the age of 6 or 9 months.  This way if you don't get them neutered and they find out, they could bring legal action against you.  You can work this out with the breeder if you are interested in breeding rights, sometimes they do sell breeding rights, but this costs much more than just the price of a puppy. 

Visit a breeder before he has puppies ready to sell
.  If you plan in advance to buy a puppy, it gives you an opportunity to visit breeders whether they currently have puppies or not.  If you find a breeder with the quality of dogs that you like, with breeding standards that you are comfortable with and a clean and healthy kennel, you can leave him your name and number. He will put you on a list to be called when he next has some puppies. This gives you a great advantage over people shopping the classifieds and needing to buy a puppy today. You will get to choose your puppy before the ads are even run.

Puppies are all cute!!!!!
  Try not to make an emotional decision if the puppies are all running around and are chewing on your shoes, fingers and toes, giving you those sad eyes!  The puppies should be kept in a clean environment, well as clean as can be expected.  Puppies can be VERY messy.  They should be alert, friendly, active (even if they are in the middle of a nap) they should wake up and be very happy to see everyone (this does depend upon the age, the younger they are the more they sleep).  They themselves should be clean and their coats should be soft and shiny, their eyes should be clear and there should be no discharge from either their eyes or nose, other than the normal sleep that everyone gets.  Puppies all twitch and jerk in their sleep.  They are not "finished" when they are born, their eyes and ears are closed, their digestive tract does not work by itself, and their nerve endings are not complete.  Hence the twitching and jerking.  Their eyes open anywhere from 10 to 14 days, and their ears open around 20 days.  Big dogs and little dogs all develop at a different pace.  Big dogs grow very fast, Labs are born at 1 lb at first only gain a few oz every day, and then it seems like they gain several pounds overnight!!  By the time they are eight weeks old they can weigh 15 pounds.  Some people will tell you that you should buy the puppy that comes to you, but that is not always true.  You should buy the puppy that fits your personality.  Now if you are picking out a puppy at 3 weeks of age, it is very difficult to know its personality.  But by the time it is 6 weeks old, most breeders have a sense of each puppys' personality (or they should have).  My puppies are all hand raised in my home so I get to know them very well.  I can usually tell you which one is lazy, who is the trouble maker, who likes to cuddle, who eats the most, who is the escape artist, etc.  When you are breeding one kind of dog, there does tend to be some things that are common to the breed, a lab is a lab, but within that there is all kinds of personality and everyone of them is different. 

At Bricin Kennels, we have litters once or twice a year. We are very careful in our breeding program.  Our main line we have been breeding for over 20 years.  It is a very healthy line, hips and elbows are always clear as well as eyes.  Longevity is very evident in all our dogs, the oldest lived to be 17.  We have bred hundreds of puppies over the years with many repeat customers.   The original dog was a field trial and hunting champion.  We cross bred this field trial line into an agility line. This combination created an awesome hunting with great endurance and athletic abilities.  Whether you want an agility dog, hunting dog, or field trial dog, our lines give you a very energetic, athletic and smart dog.  We have both yellow, black and silver puppies and all puppies purchased have the following:

CKC Registered
Microchipped
Hip, elbows and  Eyes Guaranteed
Dewclaws Removed
Dewormed
First Shots
Vet Checked
2 Year Health Guarantee (Conditional)